The mat dialect as sociolect
The mat 'meadow' is a special district Berns: It lies in the bend of the river Aare of the water - and more than 30 feet below the rest of the city. Here were formerly located mainly mariners and tradesmen, later also industrial companies and their workers.
position of the mat in Bern - Source: Tschubby (cc-by-sa, edited)
The mat was developed by two conditions, a very separate dialect
- The shipping and the location of foreign influences brought stonemasons from many languages, including French, Italian, and argot. Many of these elements are also found in other Swiss German dialects (eg pickling ).
- French: Gutti < couteau 'knife', Peye < payer 'pay', Disser < dix 'numeric'
- Italian: Garette < Caretto 'trolley'
- argot: Schpruss 'wood', pickling 'economy', Hach 'man', Moosseli 'woman', Schinagl 'work'
- The spatial and social separation from the upper town took care of different developments over the city of Bern German.
The mat residents a low social status, and was accordingly considered their dialect of others are often as crude and unpolished. Today it exists as no more, the population is not homogeneous and the rest of the city separate social group gone.
The Hächu geit with em Kättu i Dähliger ga schprusse'The man goes with the cart in the Dählhölzli Forest to gather wood'
When Mättuänglisch Matte English 'is a schematic secret language, which probably in the 16th Century was. It is because of their vowel changes, as i - called e language. Berne they probably came via the river cruise, its origins are probably in the Hamburg area.
ISDE Indgre-Inzippre 'The basic principle of'
mat differs only in the English vocabulary from the dialect mat, in the grammar, it is the same. The rules for the "translation" into the mat English are therefore quite quickly explained:
- You take a word from the mat dialect , for example schpuele 'talk',
- it separates after the first vowel: schpu Rear : ele
- Lute). is also interesting that advised by the change, the inflections in the word interior: The third person singular of 'sufficient long' is the mat dialect longest t in Matteänglisch will ng to
- i t le . I wonder if this will ever hear the still segmented, or if the person only differentiation is based on the personal pronoun. meet that by converting two of the same vowels, by the way is not a problem:
- Ii ZBE > pickling 'economy' if ee > UFE '(back) to'
Indian-Igelnre 'special rules'
Similarly we proceed with prefixes:
50 years Matteänglisch Club
in the Bernese Oberland
Schpuele ir maettu on swissinfo.ch